Friday , September 21 2018

Ant Colony System for a Problem in Reverse Logistic

Franklin JOHNSON1, Jorge VEGA2, Guillermo CABRERA3*, Enrique CABRERA4

1 Universidad de Playa Ancha, Chile
franklin.johnson@upla.cl
2 Universidad de Antofagasta,
Department of Electrical Engineering, Chile
jorge.vega@uantof.cl

3 Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile
guillermo.cabrera@ucv.cl
4 Universidad de Valparaíso, CIMFAV, Chile
enrique.cabrera@uv.cl

* Corresponding author

Abstract: Distribution, redistribution, recycling and repacking have become an important issue in logistic planning duringthe last decades. While keeping operational cost as low as possible still the main goal for logistic planners, other aspectssuch as recycling are getting more attention from industry. In this article the well known Ant Colony System (ACS), a bioinspiredalgorithm, is implemented to solve a problem arising in Reverse Logistic namely Vehicle Routing Problem withSimultaneous Delivery and Pickup (VRPSDP). To solve this problem we need to find the optimal set of paths that meet, atthe same time, customer delivery and pickup demands. In order to solve this problem, our ACS implementation makes useof a strategy that mimics the effect of the pheromone in the natural Ants behaviour. To do that, each vehicle is viewed asan individual agent (ant) and consequently its behaviour is driven by pheromone strategy, i.e. it tends to choose the routefor which the pheromone level is higher. Results show that our ACS implementation provides good quality solutionswithin an acceptable time. Furthermore, obtained solutions are quite competitive when compared to other stochastictechniques previously studied in literature.

Keywords: Vehicle routing problem with simultaneous delivery and pickup, ant colony system, reverse logistic.

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CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Franklin JOHNSON, Jorge VEGA, Guillermo CABRERA, Enrique CABRERA, Ant Colony System for a Problem in Reverse Logistic, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 24 (2), pp. 133-140, 2015.

https://doi.org/10.24846/v24i2y201501