Friday , September 21 2018

Application of DOA Estimation Algorithms in Smart Antennas Systems

Tanuja S. DHOPE (SHENDKAR)
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb
Croatia

Dina SIMUNIC
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb
Croatia

Marijan DJUREK
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb
Croatia

Abstract: Concept of wireless communication systems which use smart antennas is based on digital signal processing algorithms. Thus, the smart antennas systems become capable to locate and track signals by both: users and interferers and dynamically adapts the antenna pattern to enhance the reception in Signal-Of-Interest direction and minimizing interference in Signal-Of-Not-Interest direction. Hence, Space Division Multiple Access system, which uses smart antennas, is being used more often in wireless communications, because it shows improvement in channel capacity and co-channel interference. However, performance of smart antenna system greatly depends on efficiency of digital signal processing algorithms. The algorithm uses the Direction of Arrival (DOA) algorithms to estimate the number of incidents plane waves on the antenna array and their angle of incidence. This paper investigates performance of the DOA algorithms such as MUSIC, ESPRIT and ROOT MUSIC on the uniform linear array in the presence of white noise. The simulation results show that MUSIC algorithm is the best. The resolution of the DOA techniques improves as number of snapshots, number of array elements and signal-to-noise ratio increases.

Keywords: Smart antenna, DOA, MUSIC, ESPRIT, ROOTMUSIC, SDMA, adaptive beamforming.

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CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Tanuja S. DHOPE (SHENDKAR),  Dina SIMUNIC,  Marijan DJUREK, Application of DOA Estimation Algorithms in Smart Antennas Systems, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 19 (4), pp. x-y, 2010.