Saturday , June 10 2023

Embedded P.E.M. Fuel Cell Stack Nonlinear Observer by means of a Takagi-Sugeno Approach

Severus Constantin OLTEANU1, Abdel AITOUCHE1, Lotfi BELKOURA1,
Adnan JOUNI2

1 Laboratoire CRIStAL (Research Center in Informatics, Signal and
Automatic control in Lille), University of Lille 1, Cité Scientifique,
Av. Paul Langevin, 59655, Villeneuve D’Ascq Cedex, France,,
2 Lebanese University of Beirut,
Baabda, Beirut, Lebanon

Abstract: This paper deals with the design of a nonlinear state observer for parameters within the gas transfer part of a fuel cell stack and its implementation on a small-scale embedded system. The fuel cell stack is of a proton exchange membrane type, with parameters specific to vehicle applications. The observer is afterwards applied on a small scale embedded board. In order to validate the embedded observer, a real time hardware in the loop testing is done using a co-simulation between the embedded observer and the professional simulation software AMESim, linked with Simulink on a Windows platform. To act upon the nonlinear character of the system, a Takagi-Sugeno approach is implemented, where the premise variables are unmeasurable. The procedure applies Lyapunov stability theory and by demanding bounded stability instead of asymptotic one, the algorithm manages to eliminate the need for Lipschitz constants.

Keywords: nonlinear state estimation, PEM fuel cell, Takagi Sugeno, unmeasurable premise variables, embedded observer, hardware in the loop validation.

>Full text
Severus Constantin OLTEANU, Abdel AITOUCHE, Lotfi BELKOURA, Adnan JOUNI, Embedded P.E.M. Fuel Cell Stack Nonlinear Observer by means of a Takagi-Sugeno Approach, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 24 (1), pp. 61-70, 2015.