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Generalized Predictive Controller for Ball Mill Grinding Circuit in the Presence of Feed-grindability Variations

Sivanandam VENKATESH1, Kannan RAMKUMAR1, Muralidharan GURUPRASATH2, Seshadhri SRINIVASAN3, Valentina E. BALAŞ4*

1 School of EEE, SASTRA University,
Thirumalaisamudram, Thanjavur, 613401, India
esvee@eie.sastra.edu, ramkumar@eie.sastra.edu
2 FLSmidth Pvt. Ltd, Cement and Minerals Projects India,
Chennai, 603 103, India
guruprasath.muralidharan@flsmidth.com

3 International Research Center, Kalasalingam University,
Srivilliputtur, India
seshucontrol@gmail.com
4 Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad, Romania

* Corresponding author

Abstract: Feed-grindability variations (clinker hardness) in cement grinding circuit affects the product quality and productivity of the cement plant. This investigation proposes a generalized predictive controller for cement grinding circuit that is more robust to feed-grindability variations. The main building block of the proposed controller is a new model for cement grinding circuit that directly relates product quality with elevator current and main drive load. The advantage of the model is that the effect of feed-grindability variations on product quality can be easily observed from the output. To develop such a model, this investigation adapts a data driven modelling approach. Experimental data obtained as measurements from cement grinding circuit in a cement mill located near Chennai, India is used to develop the transfer function model based on least squares approach. The model obtained from data driven modelling is used to design a generalized predictive controller whose objective is to optimize the product quality in the presence of feed-grindability variations without breaching physical and operational limits of the cement grinding circuit. The tuning parameters of the proposed generalized predictive controller is adjusted to meet performance metrics specific to cement industries. Our results show that the proposed controller provides better product quality in the presence of feed-grindability variations than other optimization based controllers such as the linear quadratic regulator.

Keywords: Generalized Predictive Controller (GPC), cement grinding circuit, feed-grindability.

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CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Sivanandam VENKATESH, Kannan RAMKUMAR, Muralidharan GURUPRASATH, Seshadhri SRINIVASAN, Valentina E. BALAŞ, Generalized Predictive Controller for Ball Mill Grinding Circuit in the Presence of Feed-grindability Variations, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 25(1), pp. 29-38, 2016.

https://doi.org/10.24846/v25i1y201604