Tuesday , July 5 2022

ICT Revolution from Traditional Office to Virtual Office: A Study on Teleworking
During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Muddassar SARFRAZ1, Larisa IVASCU2,3*, Kausar Fiaz KHAWAJA4,
Adrian Victor VEVERA5, Florin DRAGAN6

1 College of International Students, Wuxi University, 333 Xishan Avenue, Wuxi, 214105, China
muddassar.sarfraz@gmail.com
2 Management Department, Faculty of Management in Production and Transportation,
Politehnica University of Timisoara, 14 Remus Street, Timisoara, 300009, Romania
larisa.ivascu@upt.ro (*Corresponding author)
3 Academy of Romanian Scientists, 3 Ilfov Street, 050044 Bucharest, Romania
4 Faculty of Management Sciences, International Islamic University, Sector H-10, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
kausar.khawaja@iiu.edu.pk
5 National Institute for Research and Development in Informatics, 8-10 Maresal Averescu Avenue,
Bucharest, 01145, Romania
victor.vevera@ici.ro
6 Department of Automation and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Automation and Computers,
Politehnica University of Timisoara, 14 Remus Street, Timisoara, 300009, Romania
florin.dragan@upt.ro

Abstract: The biggest challenge of today’s world is to adjust to the rapidly changing environment brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, where uncertainty and unpredictability have become the norm. The advanced technological tools used during the pandemic have altered communication, employee motivation, and the employees` desire for personal connectivity. The main objective of this paper is to analyse the effect of professional isolation on the teleworker’s job performance, motivation, and turnover intention. This study also considers the moderating role of the access to information and communications technology. In this context, a survey was carried out among the employees from the telecommunications/IT sector in Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi, Pakistan and 478 complete/usable responses were received and analysed. In this paper, the MACRO PROCESS computational procedure was employed. A confirmatory factor analysis was carried out, along with an analysis on Pearson correlation, internal consistency reliability, discriminant validity of the variables employed in this study, and hierarchical moderated regression analysis with the purpose of testing six hypotheses. The obtained results show that there is a negative relationship between professional isolation and the employees` job performance and motivation. On the other hand, professional isolation is positively associated with turnover intention. To that, professional isolation and the access to communication-enhancing technology (ACET) significantly affect employee job motivation.

Keywords: Professional isolation, Job performance, Motivation, Turnover intention, ICT, COVID-19.

>>FULL TEXT: PDF

CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Muddassar SARFRAZ, Larisa IVASCU, Kausar Fiaz KHAWAJA, Adrian Victor VEVERA, Florin DRAGAN, ICT Revolution from Traditional Office to Virtual Office: A Study on Teleworking During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 30(4), pp. 77-86, 2021. https://doi.org/10.24846/v30i4y202107