Monday , October 22 2018

An Innovation in Using RFID Technology in Automation of
Traffic Fine Issue and Management

Vali DERHAMI
Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Yazd University
Pajoohesh, Yazd, 89195-741, Iran

Mohammad GHASEMZADEH
Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Yazd University
Pajoohesh, Yazd, 89195-741, Iran

Mina AMIRSADEGHI
Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Yazd University
Pajoohesh, Yazd, 89195-741, Iran

Abstract: This research paper is concerned with using information technology in automation of traffic fine issue and management, which is one of the topics in e-Government. RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) tag is an electronic label, known as an advanced form of bar codes. This research work suggests a method in using this technology in issuance and management of traffic fine. Each vehicle would carry an RFID tag on it, when a violation of the law happens, specification of the vehicle would be read from its RFID tag. This data would be transferred into a local station and from there it would be transmitted to a central data centre. The amount of fine can be calculated depends on by considering the violation history of the vehicle and some other parameters, available in the database of the central station. In this research we survey storage and transmission of related data, processing, as well as performing some kind of data mining in the accumulated data. The advantages of our suggested system are: improved performance, higher level of accuracy, possibility of taking variable parameters into account when calculating the amount of fine (like history of violence). It also allows performing some data mining, in order to discover special reasons for violations, which can be considered in future modifications.

Keywords: Electronic fine, Information Technology, Automation, RFID.

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CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Vali DERHAMI, Mohammad GHASEMZADEH, Mina AMIRSADEGHI, An Innovation in Using RFID Technology in Automation of Traffic Fine Issue and Management, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 19 (4), pp. 403-410, 2010.

1. Introduction

High speed computers with massive memory and processing capabilities, as well as developments in tele-communications and spreading of internet has led to fast development of information technology [1,2]. Utilizing the developments in information technology makes it possible to give efficient solutions for different techno-logical, educational and other social challenges [3]. With the development of information technology, the number of services which migrate from the traditional form to the online form grows as well. Today citizens expect new informatics applicants in electronic government [4].

Traffic and transportation management is one of important challenges in governments [5]. The traffic fines are used to drivers respect traffic laws.

The traditional traffic fine system has some problems such as:

  1. The necessity of seeing the license plate totally: This task is not so easy and in the most of the cases is full of mistakes specially when the vehicle has a high speed or the weather condition is unfavorable.
  2. Errors occur at the time of inserting the information to the system: Everyday, there are many complaints from the drivers who claim that they have not done the traffic violation which were recorded in the system. The traffic officials accepted many of these complaints are true most of the time because inserting the information are taking place by hand so many errors will happen excessively [6].
  • The high rate of inserting the information of the fines to the concentrated center: inserting the information of fines by hand is full of humanitarian errors, time consuming and expensive.
  • Legal problems: One of the recent challenges in fine issue is that drivers protest to the amount of the fines and to the fine itself which lead to many legal problems and investigation to them [7].
  • Disputes and discussions about the amount of fines: The police officials proclaim that increasing the amount of fines is the solution to prevent committing crimes in one side and on the other side the present amount of fines is intolerable for some people of the society. The fine system which is use today is so fixed and static and it is impossible to increase the amount of fine dynamically and suitably to the crime. In some occasions it led the officials to legislate some harsh laws which cause fear and horridness.
  • In this article, an innovative solution using information technology will be presented to eliminate the above problems. The mentioned idea has named electronic traffic fine. In this plan at first the vehicles will be equipped with an intelligent tag which can be sensed by the fine device. {The fine device has been explained in the third section.}. At the time of committing crime, the police officer transfers the vehicles code to the fine device with the radiation of the beam toward the vehicle. Then the official exerts the fine with pressing the key which is suitable to the fine. The proposed devices are in connection with the local stations through SMS and information related to fines will be transferred to the local stations. Depending on the repetition amount and other related parameters, the amount of fine will be fixed for the driver.

    The proposed system will eliminate the above described problems in the conventional traffic fine system and it also cause the high speed, accuracy, sufficiency, decreasing the expenses and exertion a dynamic fine.

    The structure of this paper is as follows. In the second section we introduce RFID; the intelligent tag. The electronic traffic fine system is proposed in Section 3. In the forth section the presented electronic traffic fine plan is evaluated. Finally, conclusion and future works are given in Section 5.

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    https://doi.org/10.24846/v19i4y201008