Monday , May 29 2023

Efficiency Analysis and Comparative Performance Evaluation of Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Ali Norouzi
Department of Computer Engineering, Istanbul University
Avcilar, Istanbul, TURKEY

Ahmet Sertbas
Department of Computer Engineering, Istanbul University
Avcilar, Istanbul, TURKEY


MANETs are a group of wireless computers in the form of communication network which do not have predetermined structure. Administration and configuration of these kinds of networks are not dependent on any special user. Approach: There are many problems in the creation of Mobile Ad hoc Networks, such as routing, wireless media, energy consumption, transportability and efficiency. Results: Although there are several routing protocol proposals for MANETs, applied sensitivity increase the importance of efficiency related considerations. For example in the case of military field activities, many industrial and vehicular control and monitoring applications some crucial efficiency parameters should be considered such as packet delivery ,shortest available path and routing overhead. In this paper we have investigated efficiency of the routing protocols (DSR, AODV, DSDV, TORA, FSR, CBRP and CGSR) so that an engineering methodology could be constructed depending on requirements, restrictions and availabilities. Conclusion/ Recommendation: We have also given details of efficiency comparison factors of the routing protocols used in seamless networks which yields these results. From the detailed simulation results and analysis, a suitable routing protocol can be chosen for a specified network and goal.


Routing protocols; Mobile Ad Hoc Network; Table-driven protocols; On-demand protocols, Comparison in efficiency.

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Ali NOROUZI, Ahmet SERTBAS, Efficiency Analysis and Comparative Performance Evaluation of Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 21 (2), pp. 209-220, 2012.

1. Introduction

Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) indicate composite distributed systems such as the Internet, World Wide Web, social networks, and biological systems that include wireless mobile nodes that can dynamically and freely self-organize into temporary and arbitrary ad-hoc network topologies. This type of network allows people and devices to seamlessly internetwork in areas with no pre-existing communication base station [1]. In MANET, the network nodes are mobile and have the freedom to join or leave the network at any time. Efficiency in MANETs is very important from both military and commercial views, where packet delivery and data communications are required [2].

There are two types of topology for MANET: heterogeneous mobile devices and mobile host network. The first network has been comprised of different kinds of mobile devices such as PDAs, smart signals and mobile hosts, while, second type of the network has been only comprised of mobile hosts. Figure 1 indicates an example of MANET in which the left side shows a heterogeneous network and right side shows a network with mobile host [3].


Figure 1. An example of a Mobile Ad hoc Network

Such networks back up calculations at any time and in any place, and their structures can change automatically. In such networks, each mobile host acts as a router. For this reason, peer-to-peer communication as well as peer-to-remote communication is possible in this kind of network. In MANETs, mobility of routes is a complex problem and for this reason, communication may change frequently. Due to the communication links should be updated continually and their messages should be sent frequently; hence this control creates traffic [4]. Delivering the packets on time, data lost, routing overhead and finding shortest available path are current challenges in this type of networks. In this article we have investigated efficiency of the considered routing so that an engineering methodology could be constructed depending on requirements, restrictions and availabilities.

This paper is organised as follows: In Section 2 we give a brief description of some of the most important routing protocols in mobile ad hoc networks. Section 3 describes simulation environment and some parameters used in simulations. Section 4 shows the comparison of MANET routing protocols in terms of efficiency. We followed this by performing simulations, and results are described in Section 5. Finally, Section 6 presents our conclusions and future work.


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