Saturday , March 2 2024

A Comprehensive Review of Applications of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence in Agricultural Operations

Ahmed AMIN1,2, Xiaochan WANG1*, Yongnian ZHANG1, Li TIANHUA3, Yanyu CHEN1,
Jinming ZHENG1, Yinyan SHI1, Mahmoud A. ABDELHAMID4

1 College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, 40 Dianjiangtai Road, Pukou District, Nanjing,
Jiangsu Province, 210032, China
aminahmed@m-eng.helwan.edu.eg, wangxiaochan@njau.edu.cn (*Corresponding author)
2 Agricultural Engineering Research Institute (AEnRI), Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Giza 12311, Egypt
3 College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018,
Shandong, China
4 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract: Robots play a major role in solving problems, especially in the agricultural sector. The uses of agricultural automation and robotics have increased dramatically, which has solved the obstacles and complexities of fields such as agricultural operations from planting to harvesting, giving high effectiveness and efficiency in the fields. The review is divided into four sections: (i) various robotic agricultural processes, in which current robotic technologies in agriculture from planting to harvesting were investigated; (ii) types of robots used in agriculture such as aerial robots, ground robots, special robots, and multi-robot systems; (iii) a study of real applied projects that use agricultural robots, and (iv) Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques used in agriculture. The study shows that agriculture greatly benefits from robots because they save time and effort, enhance production rates, and reduce costs. The study recommends further improvement and development of agricultural robots, and this should be achieved by creating faster processing algorithms, improving communication between platforms and robotic tools, and advanced sensor systems.

Keywords: Robotics, Agricultural operations, Ground robots, Special robots, Multi‐robot systems, RHEA project, Artificial Intelligence.

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CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Ahmed AMIN, Xiaochan WANG, Yongnian ZHANG, Li TIANHUA, Yanyu CHEN, Jinming ZHENG, Yinyan SHI, Mahmoud A. ABDELHAMID, A Comprehensive Review of Applications of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence in Agricultural Operations, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 32(4), pp. 59-70, 2023. https://doi.org/10.24846/v32i4y202306