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A Smart and Predictive Heating System Using Data Fusion Based on the Belief Theory

Améni MAKHLOUF1,2*, Bruno MARHIC1, Laurent DELAHOCHE1, Arnaud CLÉRENTIN1, Hassani MESSAOUD2

1 Laboratoire des Technologies Innovantes (LTI) EA 3899, Dpt. Informatique,
Avenue des Facultés le Bailly, 80000 Amiens Cedex 1, France
makhlouf.ameni@gmail.com

* Corresponding author

2 Laboratoire de Recherche en Automatique,
Traitement du Signal et Image (LARATSI), ENIM,
Rue Ibn El Jazzar, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia

Abstract: This paper investigates the way to model and handle the contextual data uncertainties in order to design a smart heating system that reduces energy consumption. To achieve this, we propose in this paper a data fusion system which provides a trend hypothesis (contextual and near future prediction) with its associated belief. The data to be fused are essentially the occupant’s habits, the weather forecast as well as the notion of thermal comfort associated to the occupant’s activities. Since the data are uncertain, erroneous and heterogeneous, we propose a multilevel data fusion system based on the belief theory of Dempster-Shafer for data combination and the Transferable Belief Model (TBM) for making the decision which will be a challenge. Despite the data complexity, the simulations are very satisfactory in terms of reducing energy consumption.

Keywords: multilevel fusion, dempster-shafer theory, modelling uncertainty, energy saving, building management system.

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CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Améni MAKHLOUF*, Bruno MARHIC, Laurent DELAHOCHE, Arnaud CLÉRENTIN, Hassani MESSAOUD,
A Smart and  Predictive Heating System Using Data Fusion Based on the Belief Theory, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 25(3), pp. 283-292, 2016.

https://doi.org/10.24846/v25i3y201602