Saturday , March 2 2024

Modeling of a Hybrid Controller for Electric Vehicle Battery Charging Using Photovoltaic Panels

Marius-Alexandru DOBREA1*, Sergiu-Stelian ILIESCU1,2, Nicoleta ARGHIRA1, Mihaela VASLUIANU3
1 Faculty of Automatic Control and Computer Science, University Politehnica of Bucharest,
313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania (*Corresponding author),
2 Technical Sciences Academy of Romania ‒ ASTR, 26 Dacia Avenue, 030167 Bucharest, Romania
3 Faculty of Hydrotechnics, Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest, 124 Lacul Tei Avenue,
020396 Bucharest, Romania

Abstract: The present paper introduces a novel approach for voltage control during the charging and discharging of a battery of an electric vehicle. The control algorithm joins a conventional PID controller together with a Fuzzy-PID controller, in order to compute the command signal. The effectiveness evaluation of the control algorithm is computed by simulation and tested in the context of charging a battery using solar energy harnessed from photovoltaic (PV) panels. This hybrid approach employs a Phase-Shifted Full-Bridge (PSFB) converter as actuator. By comparing the step response of the charging process of the PID controller with the response of the proposed hybrid controller, improved results were obtained in terms of performance for the latter one.

Keywords: Photovoltaic panel, Phase-Shifted Full-Bridge converters, PID controller, Fuzzy-PID controller, Electric vehicle, Battery charging.


Marius-Alexandru DOBREA, Sergiu-Stelian ILIESCU, Nicoleta ARGHIRA, Mihaela VASLUIANU, Modeling of a Hybrid Controller for Electric Vehicle Battery Charging Using Photovoltaic Panels, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 32(4), pp. 27-35, 2023.