Application of Mobile Technology in Virtual Communities
with Information of Conflict-Affected Areas
Julio R. RIBÓN1, Luis Javier GARCÍA VILLALBA2, Tai-hoon KIM3
1 Programa de Ingeniería de Sistemas, Facultad de Ingenierías,
Universidad de Cartagena,
Sede Piedra de Bolívar, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia,
2 Grupo de Análisis, Seguridad y Sistemas (GASS),
Departamento de Ingeniería del Software e Inteligencia Artificial (DISIA),
Facultad de Informática, Despacho 431,
Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM),
Calle Profesor José García Santesmases s/n,
Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain,
3 Department of Convergence Security, Sungshin Women’s University,
249-1, Dongseon-dong 3-ga, Seoul, 136-742, Korea,
email@example.com (Corresponding Author)
Abstract: There is a range of organizations which have expertise related to conflict areas (NGOs, governments, etc.). Many of these organizations have put their expertise in digital media that can be accessed by its members through technology platforms. The information in conflict areas is useful for decision making, to generate public policies for the control and humanitarian support. Organizations are willing to cooperate and share their expertise with others, but there is a technological problem that is making the above impossible and therefore causing isolation. This is caused by the inability of the technology platforms that each organization has, to locate and interoperate with expertise from other platforms. This paper describes an experience in which mobile technologies are used as sensing devices to identify positioning and movement of people who are in conflict areas and to capture multimedia information in such territory. These sensing devices allow access to a portfolio of services from a cooperating cloud of territorial information in the region of Montes de Maria (Colombia), which is a territory with political and public order conflicts. With this experience, a solution to the problem of technological isolation is offered and access to the expertise shared by peers in the community.
Keywords: Communities, Clouds, Mobile, Territories in Conflicts.
CITE THIS PAPER AS:
Julio R. RIBÓN, Luis Javier GARCÍA VILLALBA, Tai-hoon KIM, Application of Mobile Technology in Virtual Communities with Information of Conflict-Affected Areas, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 22 (1), pp. 33-42, 2013. https://doi.org/10.24846/v22i1y201304
In the territories that present social and public order conflicts, information management and timely access to it, is of vital importance as it contributes to the understanding of the nature of the conflicts that arise. This produces solutions to these, supporting the creation of public policies relevant to the needs of the area, the development of strategies to help the victims of conflicts, the government action plans and the international community, which promote the development of the region.
In conflict areas there is a diversity of communities that are concerned with giving attention to vulnerable population and the development of strategies to resolve the conflict regarding the region, these communities are non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the state through its various entities such as law enforcement (police, army), local authorities (municipalities, ministries, etc..) communities that care for the population (e.g. The Red Cross, hospitals), international organizations and entities who study the conflict such as the universities and researchers in the area, among others.
Each of these communities have been able to gather useful experience for the understanding of the conflict and that is important from their perspective to find solutions to it. These expertise are available to members of each particular community. Recently used for storing digital media and that can be used by each of its members when needed. However, its generally found that such expertise can’t be accessed by members of other communities. In many cases communities are unaware of the expertise that others have and can be useful when studying and trying to resolve conflicts in the territory.
Despite the importance of sharing the experience generated in each community, to build a larger organization consisting of multiple cooperating communities, there’s a problem of technological isolation which prevents the realization of these collaborative spaces, so that members of virtual communities studying conflict zones can locate, share and access the expertise of other peers. This problem is caused by the inability of technology platforms, which each community have, to federate their expertise with other communities, making it impossible to generate a cloud of communities (Chen et al, 2010).
Each technology platform stores the expertise of each community in proprietary formats, which may or may not have standardization initiatives such as SCORM (Advanced Distributed Learning).
Ie they are autonomous, heterogeneous platforms, as each one is managed by the Directors of their communities, making it difficult to generate a cloud of communities.
This work contributes to solving the problem through the presentation of a case of studying community integration and service the conflict in the region of Montes de Maria in Colombia (Figure 1), which is a region that has been the victim of conflicts of law and order for years (Abitbol & Flechas, 2008; United Nations Development Programme) making it difficult for various national and international information which contributes to the generation of strategies to support the solution of such conflicts.
Figure 1. Montes de María (Colombia)
The paper proposes a conceptual model that enables the integration of different communities who have expertise that many communities that study the conflict in the Montes de Maria have. Mobile devices are used as sensors agents (Ying & Ling & Latif, 2011; Hii & Chung, 2011) that allow each of the members of various communities to identify their respective positions in the territory, access relevant information according to location and continue capturing territorial information, becoming members of the communities in the cloud in sensor nodes communities.
This work is useful for all organizations who have common interests in the study and provision of solutions to the conflicts in the territories, allowing them to expand their expertise and insights of it, generate care plans to the conflict according to the reality of the territory, design appropriate plans for the distribution of Humanitarian Aid to the population victim of conflict, assess the nature of the territory, among others.
This work was carried out as follows: initially it is the methodology used for the construction of a cloud of cooperation and the development of a scenario in which mobile nodes sensors function as agents of the communities. Finally the results obtained are discussed and analyzed, to finally draw conclusions.
- ABITBOL, P., D. FLECHAS, Deliberative Action Arenas on Public Policy Making in Conflict Zones: A Case Study with Women’s Groups in Colombia. The Human Development and Capability Association. Annual Conference, New Delhi, 2008, September 10 – 13.
- Advanced Distributed Learning, http://www.adlnet.gov/Pages/Default.aspx. April 2008.
- BOOCH G., J. RUMBAUGH, I. JACOBSON, The Unified Software Development Process. Edition 1. Addison Wesley, 1999.
- CHEN, X., G. B. WILLS, L. GILBERT, D. BACIGALUPO, Using Cloud for Research: A Technical Review. Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) TeciRes Report. School of Electronic and Computer Science, October 2010.
- HII, P., W. CHUNG, A Comprehensive Ubiquitous Healthcare Solution on an AndroidTM Mobile Device, Sensors 2011, vol. 11(7), 2011, pp. 6799-6815.
- ALBOAIE, L., M.-F. VAIDA, Trust and Reputation Model for Various Online Communities, Studies in Informatics and Control, vol. 20, issue 2, 2011, pp. 143-156. ISSN 1220-1766.
- LONN, S., S. D. TEASLEY, Saving Time or Innovating Practice: Investigating Perceptions and Uses of Learning Management Systems. Computers & Education, vol. 53, issue 3, 2009, pp. 686-694.
- NAGARAJAN, P. G. W. JIJI, Online Educational System (E- Learning). International Journal of u- and e- Service, Science and Technology, vol. 3, issue 4, 2010, pp. 37-48.
- Object Management Group – OMG (2007). UML v 2.1.2. Infrastructure Specification and Superstructure Specification. Object Management Group, December 2007.
- RIBÓN, J. R., T. P. de MIGUEL, J. H. ORTIZ, Joint Degrees in e-Learning Environments. Proceedings of the 2009 Euro American Conference on Telematics and information Systems: New Opportunities To Increase Digital Citizenship, June 03 – 05 2009; Prague, Czech Republic.
- United Nations Development Programme, Reduction of Armed Conflict in Colombia Project – Work Report and Projections. (December 2010).
- YING, S., Y. LING, A. LATIF, EPhone: Embedded Cardiac Care Device in Mobile Phone. Sensor Letters, Volume 9, Number 5, 2011, pp. 1974-1978(5).